These links provide information about fluoride and its use in community water supplies.
A look at the global concerns of dental disease and what approaches- including water fluoridation- have been found tried around the world.
A comprehensive review and evaluation of the public health benefits and risks of fluoride from drinking water and other sources.
A look at "Quackery" versus Science, the cost effectiveness, and the social justice of water fluoridation.
D. Benjamin Spock discusses his support of fluoride in drinking water after researching the scientific literature for factual information
This book by the National Academies reviews the effects on health of ingested fluoride from various sources. Those health effects reviewed include dental fluorosis, bone fracture, the effects on renal/reproductive/ and gastrointestinal systems, genotoxicity, and carcinogenicity. The book also reviews the Environmental Protection Agencys current drinking- water standard for fluoride and considers future research needs.
Dietary Reference Intakes for Fluoride (1997) from Institute of Medicine.
An overview of oral health from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
ADA link "Fluoridation Facts" booklet in PDF Click Here
An endorsement of community water fluoridation from Surgeon General, Richard H. Carmona, M.D., M.P.H., F.A.C.S., VADM, USPHS.
American Association of Pediatrics policy: Because frequent exposure to small amounts of fluoride each day will best reduce the risk for dental caries in all age groups, the work group recommends that all persons drink water with an optimal fluoride concentration and brush their teeth twice daily with fluoride toothpaste. For persons at high risk for dental caries, additional fluoride measures might be needed. Measured use of fluoride modalitities is particularly appropriate during the time of anterior tooth enamel development (i.e., age <6 years).
Based on data that demonstrates reduced cavities in areas served by public water systems that are fluoridated, the ADA supports the community water fluoridation
National Center for fluoridation and research. Presents global views of the history of fluoride use and benefits.
California Dental Association policy on the safety and efficacy of fluoride.
The Environmental Protection Agency addresses water safety
A comprehensive review of fluoride use in the treatment of dental disease. Also includes several key elements to consider when reviewing information about fluoride research.
FDA has jurisdiction over bottled water, which is considered a food under the FD&C Act.
The Environmental Protection (EPA) has the authority to set drinking water standards because of The Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) that passed in 1974 and amended in 1986 and 1996.
This is a funny and fun quiz - oh my gosh, someone at the federal government has a sense of humor!
The U. S. Federal Drug Administration (FDA) does not have the power to regulate municipal drinking water additives. FDA has jurisdiction over bottled water, which is considered a food under the FD&C Act.
|A number of nationally and internationally recognized scientific organizations, including the National Cancer Institute, have reviewed all the available scientific studies on the health of populations with fluoridated water supplies and the health of fluoride-deficient populations. These reviewers have declared fluoridation safe.
Michael W. Easley, DDS, MPH, Associate Professor in the Department of Oral Health Services and Informatics, School of Dental Medicine, State University of New York at Buffalo